About the Authors

Koichiro Tamura
has research interests in the area of experimental, theoretical, and computational molecular evolution. He is an Associate Professor at the Tokyo Metropolitan University, Japan.

Joel Dudley
is interested in translational bioinformatics, genomic medicine, and the application of molecular evolution in translational genomic research. He is a software engineer at the Stanford Center for Biomedical Informatics Research at Stanford University, USA.

Masatoshi Nei
is among the founder of the field of molecular evolutionary genetics and pursues statistical analysis of molecular and genome evolution. He is the Evan Pugh Professor of Biology and the Director of the Institute of Molecular Evolutionary Genetics at Pennsylvania State University, USA.

Sudhir Kumar
is interested in computational biology and the bioinformatics of genomes and spatial patterns of gene expression, with an emphasis on developing biologist-centric methods, tools, and knowledge-bases. He is a Professor in the School of Life Sciences and the Director of the Center for Evolutionary Functional Genomics at Arizona State University, USA.